According to locals, Lisbon is a “city of immigrants”. People all over the world come here to work, and slowly, they make Lisbon their home.

Lisbon used to be a trading port, and had some Lebanon heritage infused in its roots. The cobbled streets and tiles that they are so famous for, are actually adapted from the Arabs.

If you’ve been here long enough, you’ll notice that many places are named after “Al-“. These words are actually adapted from the Arabs. Who knew?

Apart from that, Lisbon is well-known for many others, some more common than others. If you’re looking for top things to do in Lisbon, start here at 11 Things To Do in Lisbon to Complete Your Portuguese Experience.

What’s famous in Lisbon?

1. Custard tarts

If there’s one thing Portugal is most famous for, it would be, hands down, their custard tarts!

Seriously, they serve the best tarts in the world. It’s no wonder these tarts originate from Portugal.

These tarts are the main attraction of Lisbon for me. I couldn’t start a day without it.

I can’t even begin to describe how the soft and smooth texture of the custard is, and how crispy the crusts are, baked at just the right temperature.

Prior to tasting these tarts, I never knew Portuguese tarts were paired with cinnamon powder.  These custard tarts are, in fact, the second most eaten country after China! Damn, I thought they were first.

The best tarts that stole my heart away were the tarts from NATA.

Lisbon, Portugal; what is lisbon known for

I had my very first bite of Portuguese tarts here, and then I quickly grew inseparable ever since. Being in Portugal saw me visiting the nearest NATA shop every morning for my dose of tarts. Ah, heaven on earth!

If you want to know where to find the original recipe in Lisbon, continue to the end of this post.

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2. Lisbon’s funiculars

Another distinct activity that sets Lisbon apart from the rest of Europe is their funiculars! One of Lisbon’s must see attraction, also don’t miss riding on the famous Tram 28.

Tram 28 acts as a Lisbon sightseeing bus, bringing you around Lisbon’s best tourist attractions and historical sights.

Keep your eyes peeled along the way for the Tagus River, a wide body of water that is omnipresent throughout different viewpoints across Lisbon.

Lisbon, Portugal; what is lisbon known for

The average intervals between the trams is 15 minutes and the entire trip takes between 40 minutes and 1 hour. Tram 28 begins operations at 6am and ends at 11pm.

The Elevador da Glória (location here) or the Ascensor do Lavra (location here) are other popular funiculars to sit. I’m not kidding – even the locals would recommend you to sit in them just to experience what makes Lisbon so Lisbon. Word of advice: beware of pickpockets!

Read: Useful Travel Accessories You Must Have

3. Sardines

“If it moves, grill it”, says the old Portuguese adage.

The other thing you’d classify as “Lisbon food” – sardines. Who knew? I guess it stems from their trading port status.

Lisbon, Portugal; what is lisbon known for

An interesting fact about Portuguese – They are dubbed the second worst drivers in Europe.

Guess who tops?

I did not make that claim. It was a local that told us about it.

4. Ginjinha – cherry liqeur

If Lisbon is known for cherry liquer, I never knew until I visited Lisbon. It turns out that the Portuguese are proud of serving cherry liqueur in chocolate cups!

Lisbon, Portugal; what is lisbon known for

For 1€, you can get a shot glass of cherry liqueur, except that instead of a glass cup, you’re served in a chocolate cup. Eating the cup after consuming the strong taste of liqueur is said to complement the strong taste of liqueur well!

Lisbon, Portugal; what is lisbon known for

5. Olive Oil

Portugal produces some of the best olive oils in the world. This liquid goal goodness is a gourmet produce that’s perfect as a souvenir to take home from Portugal.

Olive oil tastings are available throughout Lisbon, so I’m sure you can be a olive oil connoisseur by the time you leave Portugal!

Getting around Lisbon

1. Baixa-Chiado district


Don’t miss the main shopping street, Rua Augusta (location here)Rua Garrett is another street with popular fashion labels.


Feeling peckish? Give Rua da Alfandega (location here) a go. This whole street makes you spoilt for choice about how and what to satisfy your tummy, so take your time, and make your pick.

Looking for ideas on what to eat in Lisbon? My post on 10 Restaurants and Cafes in Lisbon for Portuguese Food will provide some fresh ideas.

Whatever it is, you will definitely have a chance to taste their local specialties.

Lisbon, Portugal; what is lisbon known for


Bars close at 2am. When I heard about that, I thought, what a bummer!

But no, that’s when the real party begins! If you are looking for things to do in Lisbon at nightBairro Alto, Praca Luis de Camoes and Rua do Diario de Noticias are streets which, by night, become too small for the crowd that tend to linger with a beer in hand, and music permeating through the air from bars blasting it.

If you notice their iconic statue of King Jose I on horseback right in the middle of the Comercio Square, you’ll find there are snakes at the feet of the horse.

Lisbon, Portugal; what is lisbon known for

What for, I wondered. I later learned that these snakes are rumoured to ward off pigeons from the statue. I definitely did not expect that as an answer… The Comercio Square is the main attraction square in Lisbon that you wouldn’t miss. The restaurants lining the square, granted, have spectacular views to the ocean. But they are also not somewhere budget travellers will linger at.

2. Alfama district

Lisbon, Portugal; what is lisbon known for

East of Lisbon is Lisbon’s old town and oldest quarter, the Alfama district. It is, not surprisingly, everyone’s all-time favourite district in Lisbon. If you only have one day in Lisbon, this is the district to spend your day in.

Characterised by steep slopes (and I mean steeeeep slopes), this district encapsulates the legend of Lisbon, with age-old buildings, traditional laundry spaces (a big outdoor sheltered tub for neighbouring households to do their washing in public) and their signature narrow alleys.

Lisbon, Portugal; what is lisbon known for

Houses are built within inches of each other; you can literally hang your linen across to the opposite household. The inhabitants here sure have a way of maximising what limited space they have.

Lisbon, Portugal; what is lisbon known for

I had the fortune (or misfortune) of renting an Airbnb here in this district. Misfortune because we had to lug our luggages up the steep and uneven cobbled streets of Alfama, and climb up the steep stairs to the attic of the house in a single file. I say we were fortunate because living in the attic meant we had a panoramic view of the entire Alfama district, one of Lisbon’s best attraction! Boy was I psyched!

This apartment also gave me inspiration for my future house decor, with some of the furniture handcrafted by the owner himself. 😀

Lisbon, Portugal; what is lisbon known for

Lisbon, Portugal; what is lisbon known for

Castela de São Jorge is a ruined Moorish castle atop a hill which is also worth a visit (location here), though we spent our time getting lost in the labyrinth of streets in Alfama instead. We were in pursuit of vantage points around the Alfama district. Miraduoro Senora Do Monte (exact location here) is one viewpoint that is easily reachable and offers a view like no other. As with all good things, you have to work for it. It is a steep hike up, I’ll warn you, but then you’ll thank me later, because of the superb views it offers.

I share more about the castle in my next post, 11 Things To Do in Lisbon to Complete Your Portuguese Experience.

Lisbon, Portugal; what is lisbon known for

3. Graça district

The Graça district is close by, so if you have spare time and energy, soak in the lively local atmosphere of this district, and check out some of the local cafes and shops.

Read: Montserrat, Spain; Day Trip from Barcelona

4. Bairro Alto district

We discovered this little eatery that sells the most marvellous grilled chicken I’ve ever tasted in awhile. Frangasqueira Nacional (location here) serves takeout only.
Frangasqueira Nacional; what is lisbon known for

They sell ribs, sausages and cheese, but their signature dish is definitely their grilled roast chicken! They sell their food by its weight, but trust me, even the smallest chicken is not to be messed with.

While waiting for your chicken, take a short walk by the next street, Rua da Escola Politecnica (location here), which has a indoor pop-up market selling handmade crafts by local designers. They have really unique designs; the items on display brought creativity to a whole new level!

Lisbon, Portugal; what is lisbon known for

Further south of the road, we discovered a restaurant, Pavilhão Chinês “Chinese Pavillon” (location here), by chance. We would never have known that this is one of Lisbon’s attraction if not for witnessing a herd of tourist saunter in. So we followed suit!

Lisbon, Portugal; what is lisbon known for

The interior decor held us spellbound – it was nothing like we expected! You can find the most extensive collection of memorabilia that dates all the way to the 18th century and beyond.

Lisbon, Portugal; what is lisbon known for

Lisbon, Portugal; what is lisbon known for

Boasting a vintage theme, the dim restaurant bar is no different from a museum, with collections such as teapots and figurines, miniature dolls and military artefacts. Dine in one of their intimate booths and be immersed in an atmosphere of history.

Lisbon, Portugal; what is lisbon known for

5. Belém district

If you’re wondering what to buy in Lisbon back for your friends and family, I cannot recommend this enough.

Famed for having the original recipe of Portuguese tarts, Pastéis de Belém (location here) is where everyone from all corners of the world come to buy these custard tarts home as souvenirs.

Pastéis de Belém; what is lisbon known for

They serve one of the best Portuguese tarts you can ever find, so this is a MUST-VISIT. Expect long queues if you even want to taste their tarts. To cut the queue, consume the tarts right in the shop itself.

They prepare up to 16,000 tarts a day, so fresh tarts are prepared quickly round the clock. The longest I had to wait was 10 minutes before all our food arrived. 🙂 It didn’t steal my heart the way the egg tarts from NATA did though.

To get here, take a tram from Rossio Square to St. Jeronimos, which would take you anywhere from 20 to 30 minutes.

You can find my full review of Pastéis de Belém here.

Tower of Belem and Jerónimos Monastery are some of the other attractions around Belem you can catch as well, though we didn’t find them that much impressive.

Lisbon, Portugal; what is lisbon known for
Jerónimos Monastery

Read: 8 Top Bars and Clubs in Lisbon, Portugal

Recommended duration in Lisbon: 2 days

In case you want the best hotel deals in Lisbon, I got it covered. 😉

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What struck me about Lisbon was also how clean and modern the metro system is, a stark contrast against the rest of the city that still retains its historical beauty. Lisbon is characteristic in its own way, and while major sights can be completed in 2 days or less, getting lost in the discovery of decrepit buildings is what makes exploring Lisbon fun!

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9 April 2015, Thur – 11 April 2015, Sat

Isabel Leong

Isabel Leong

An explorer at heart, the world is Isabel's playground. She enjoys seizing every moment exploring every hideout and doing the unimaginable, like bungee jumping in Phuket and couchsurfing in Europe. If she had wings, she’d definitely be soaring right now. Also a fitness trainer, if she’s not at the gym, you can find her doing yoga or rock climbing! Read more about her on


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